Material and Energy valorisation of waste in a Circular Economy

New publication: Deployment of bio-CCS -case study


Deployment of bio-CCS: case studies

Substantial amounts of ‘negative emission’ initiatives (= extracting CO2 from the atmosphere) may be required if global climate change is to be limited to well-below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, as is the ambition of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Among the different negative emissions options available, bioenergy with carbon capture and storage or utilisation, also referred to as bio-CCS/CCU or BECCUS, is arguably one of the most commonly discussed in climate policy debates.

The IEA Bioenergy project “Deployment of Bio-CCS/CCU Value Chains” strives to provide insights about the opportunities and challenges pertaining to taking Bio-CCS/CCU from pilots to full-scale projects. Case studies provide deeper insights into the key aspects that come into play for companies that are in the process of setting up value chains for capture, transportation and sequestration or utilization of biogenic CO2. A first set of case studies has been finalized, focused on integrating CCS in central biomass based heat and/or power production:

  1. Biomass based combined heat and power (CHP) – HOFOR Amager CHP, Copenhagen, Denmark
  2. Bioelectricity – Drax Power Station, United Kingdom
  3. Waste-to-Energy – Fortum Oslo Varme (FOV), Oslo, Norway

Task 36 has contributed with the third of this case studies with the case presents what is arguably the project that has come the farthest in Noway, the FOV (Fortum Oslo Varme) WtE plant in Oslo
Norway.

Norway is seeing plenty of activity in the CCS space, both in the form of the development of a transport & offshore storage infrastructure project called Northern Lights, and in the form of point source capture projects. One of the projects currently under development is run by Fortum Oslo Varme (FOV), which is planning to deploy CCS at its waste-to-energy facility in Oslo. The facility is Oslo’s largest single source of GHG emissions and it is imperative to address these to meet the city’s ambition to reduce its GHG emissions by 95% in the period 2009-2030. Over the last 5-year period FOV has done a series of pilot tests in capturing CO2 with promising results. Provided that the project receives financial support for about half the total cost from the EU Innovation Fund (with the other half coming from the Norwegian government), the plan is to have the facility operational by 2026-2027.

 

Link to the FOV case study here

Link to the IEA Bioenergy post with all the case studies here